Nomads of the Steppe
Nomads of the Steppe
On the territory of Kazakhstan there is a famous archaeological complex Tanbaly. In 2003, an open-air museum was created at this place. The tract with petroglyphs is located 170 km north-west of the city of Almaty, in the Anrakai Mountains. In the 50s, an expedition of archeologists discovered petroglyphs in these places, most of which belong to the Bronze Age: among images of animals, hunting scenes, mysterious sun-headed creatures can be found, which once again confirms the sacredness of this place. In addition to petroglyphs, ancient altars, places for sacrifices, ancient burials and burial mounds were discovered. The Tanbaly gorge is not only a heritage of Kazakhstan, but also of the whole Central Asia, and since 2004 it has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
"Khan Shatyr" (as some mistakenly believe, translated from Kazakh into Russian "Khan's tent", but in fact this is a phrase from the series "Tsar Bell", "Tsar Cannon", that is, Khan Shatyr - "Khan among tents ") Is a large shopping and entertainment center in the capital of Kazakhstan, Nur-Sultan. Opened July 6, 2010. It is the largest tent in the world. "Khan Shatyr" entered the Guinness Book of Records
The total area of Khan Shatyr is 127 thousand square meters. The premises are home to retail and entertainment complexes. Including a supermarket, a family park, cafes and restaurants, cinemas, gyms, a water park with an artificial beach and wave pools, service and office space, parking for 700 cars and much more. The main highlight of Khan Shatyr is a beach resort with a tropical climate, plants and a temperature of +35 degrees all year round. The sandy beaches of the resort are equipped with a heating system, which gives the feeling of a real beach, and the sand is brought from the Maldives.
The architect of the building is Norman Foster.
The building is a giant 150 m high tent (spire) constructed from a network of steel cables on which a transparent ETFE polymer coating is fixed. Due to its special chemical composition, it protects the inner space of the complex from sudden temperature changes and creates a comfortable microclimate inside the complex.
Khan Shatyr entered the top ten world eco-buildings according to Forbes Style magazine, becoming the only building from all over the CIS, which the magazine considered possible to include in its list.
City of Turkestan, situated in the midst of the arid steppes of Kazakhstan's extreme south. The first ancient settlement on the territory of modern Turkestan emerged at the beginning of the 6th century BC. The city with 1500 years of history is now one of the most important centers of pilgrimage in the Central Asia.
Kaindy Lake is located on the northern slope of the Kungei Ala-Too mountain range at an altitude of 1867 meters above sea level among a dense coniferous forest, which culminates at 2900 m. alt.. The top of the valley rises to nearly 3400 meters and marks the border with Kyrgyzstan. The bottom of the valley joins the village of Saty. Kaindy Lake lies in the second valley further east than the first lake Kolsay. The length of the lake is about 440 meters, by 110 meters wide , the greatest depth of the lake is 30 meters.
Translated from the Kazakh language, Kaindy means “Birch”. This name was given to the lake because of a large birch grove planted once by people five kilometers below the lake. The current size of the lake results of the Zhalanash-Tyup earthquake on March 25, 1978, with an amplitude of about 7 points. It seems that the lake appeared for the first time after the Kemin Earthquake in 1911. The age of the Schrenk and Tyan-Shan spruces in the lake is not clear. Some trees in the water have not yet rotted, but most of the rotten trees are under water. The peculiarity of this lake are the visible dry trunks that rise above the surface of a cold lake, giving it an amazing and unique appearance.