At the Heart of the Silk Roads
At the Heart of the Silk Roads
In the shade of mulberry trees, the city of Bukhara was an important stop on the Silk Road. A museum city that testifies to the rich past of Central Asia.
Bukhara- Buqaraq of the sogdienwhich would mean "fortunate place" and Vihara in Sanskrit which means a Buddhist monastery.
It is a city in Uzbekistan, located in the south-central part of the country. It is located on the lower reaches of the Zarafshan River, in the middle of an oasis, on the eastern edge of the Kyzyl Kum desert. It was connected by caravan routes to Mervet to the valleys of the rivers Amu-Darya and Syr-Darya (Naryn)
In the ninth century, the city becomes the capital of the Persian Samanid dynasty (875-999) and the appearance of the city is changed again: eleven access gates are observed, the "rabad" (suburb) extends around the inner part ("chakhristan"), the population increases significantly, professions determine the place of residence, many mausoleums and mosques are built (including the mausoleum of the Samanids)
In 999, the city was invaded by the Qarakhanids. At that time, monuments, still visible today, were built: the minaret of Arslan-Khana (Kalian minaret), the mosque of Magoki-Attari, the mosque of Namezgokh, the mausoleum of Chashma-Ayub (the source of Job)
Bukhara gave its name to the bougran, a strong canvas used in the lining of clothes, spelled boquerant by Marco Polo.
Bukhara is also the generic name given to Turkmen carpets, the main trading center of which is the Ashgabat Bazaar. These carpets are subdivided into teke andyomouth, the names of the two main Turkmen tribal families. Their very typical style can be easily recognized because the decoration of the field consists of the repetition of the same decorative motif, the goul, emblem of the weaver tribe.
The 140 monuments protected by UNESCO testify to the historical and cultural richness of this city.
The Ark Citadel
The Bolo Hauz Mosque
The Magok-i-Attari Mosque
The Po-i-Kalon complex
The Koch madrasas etc
Samarkand is famous for its surprisingly long history - it is one of the oldest cities in the world, founded 8 centuries BC. In the old days, this city was the most important point connecting East and West, and the Silk Road passed through Samarkand. Therefore, here, as nowhere else, a huge number of cultural and historical monuments have been preserved - such as mausoleums, museums, mosques, the ruins of ancient settlements and much more.
Samarkand was proclaimed in 2001 by UNESCO crossroads of cultures and world heritage site.
Jizak (or Jizzax / Jizzakh) is the administrative center of the Jizzakh region, a city of regional subordination of 180,000 inhabitants. A major transport hub, economic, scientific, educational and cultural center of the region. Located on the highway between Tashkent and Samarkand. It is also connected to these towns by a railway line. It is located on the northern foothills of the Nuratau Ridge, on the Sanzar River, in the southern part of the Mirzachul Steppe. It was founded in the 10th century, in an oasis rich in vegetation, as an important transit point on the Great Silk Road. The section of the Ustrushana trade route, passing through Jizzakh, was one of the most important on the entire stretch of the Silk Road.
Ichan-Kala Citadel preserves the image of the ancient eastern city of Khiva. The findings of archaeologists suggest that Old Khiva, which already existed in the 5th century, served as a stage on the Great Silk Road. The old city, located inside the walls of Itchan-Kala, occupies an area of about 30 hectares and is surrounded by a massive wall of 6-8 meters. Ditches were dug on the outer side of the walls, which were filled with water. Also in the fortress wall there are four gates, reinforced with shock towers and complemented by viewing galleries.
Another decoration of Samarkand is the Bibi-Khanum Mosque, a holy monument of the 15th century. It is believed that the mosque was built by order of Tamerlane, who returned from India with a triumphant victory. The great commander wanted to build a monument for life testifying to his victories.
In total, about 700 people participated in the construction, including a large number of craftsmen from other Asian countries. To this day, despite numerous earthquakes, the mosque has been able to maintain its original grandeur and beauty, which has been facilitated by the large-scale restoration works that have been carried out there for 35 years, since 1968.
In March 1923, the Russian Society of Voluntary Air Fleet "Dobrolet" was founded and was launched a training overhead lines in Uzbekistan. Innovation has become very important. At this time, from Tashkent to Almaty was done in 15 days on horseback, and the way from Tashkent to Bukhara and to Khiva on the caravan routes was very dangerous and the trip could held a month! In the summer of 1923, work began on the construction of the main and spare fields by experts from Moscow. Some pilots and aviation specialists from the Air Force were transferred to "Dobrolet" and the first 6 "Junkers" were transferred in Tashkent.
The first technical and then the first passenger flights on the route Tashkent-Bishkek-Alma-Ata 3rd and 12th of May 1924. The second date marked the beginning of the civil aviation development in Uzbekistan.
In 70's-80's, aviation was rapidly developing, large airports were built, including the Tashkent airport, equipped with high-performance navigation and communication means.
Tashkent airport open 14 international routes to
Today in "Tashkent" international airport resort offers such renowned airlines such as:
Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines, British Airways, Asiana Airlines, Korean Air". Garuda Indonesia, Iran Air, Transaero, Aeroflot, Domodedovo Airlines, Siberia, Armenian Airlines, Air-Xena, Imeyr, Perm Airlines, Belavia, Altyn Air, Ukraine Airlines, Turkmenistan Airlines, Ural Airlines, Pulkovo, Air Astana, Tatarstan, Krasnoyarsk Airlines, RusAero, Streamline, East Line, Tajik Air, and more.