Vanj village and district are located in central Tajikistan. These mountains are made up of conglomerates, granites, sandstones, steep slopes, gorges and narrow river valleys. In some places, the mountains are over 6000 meters above sea level. The Vanj region is a seismically unstable area. Almost every week there are tremors. Long ago, this region was inhabited by people speaking Iranian. In ancient times, it was called "the land of the Saks", in the Middle Ages the region was Islamized. The city was founded in 1933. The characteristics of the natural conditions affected the way of life of the local population.