Further reading


Culture in Pakistan

The discovery of the Mohenjo-Daro site is proof that the Indus civilizations were the basis of Indo-European cultures. Then influenced over time by different peoples and empires: Aryans, Persians, Ghaznavids, Seldjouks, Arabs, Rajputs, Mughals, etc.

We can also now differentiate the different cultures by the different geographical regions: Kashmir, the Hunza valley and Gilgit-Baltistan, the Chitral valley to the north, Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwas, Sind and Punjab with its capital Lahore, center of Indus culture.

Flora and Fauna in Pakistan

The flora and fauna in Pakistan are as diverse as the types of habitats. They also reflect the diversity of climatic zones, from arid to tropical. There are more than 177 mammals and 660 species of birds. We differentiate between the 4 regions: the mountainous north, the desert plains of Sindh and the Indus valley, the western mountains with its plains and deserts and the southern coastal region.