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Explore in a sustainable way the most beautiful trails of the Tian Shan mountain range and experience the hospitality of the Kyrgyz nomads.


Unlock the secrets of the Silk Road and immerse yourself in its unique traditions and way of life of the ancient civilizations and rich culture of Uzbekistan.


Disclose the gems of Tajikistan and explore the hidden corners of the Pamir and Fan mountains while respecting the fragile nature.


Create your own trip and uncover the authentic life of the Turkmen people and their rich history in the heart of the Great Silk Road.


Enjoy your unique tailor-made journey exploring the endless steppes and snowy peaks of Kazakhstan. Immerse yourself in the nomadic traditions.


In private group, unlock the secrets of ancients civilizations of China and immerse yourself in its unique traditions with a tailor-made program.


Experience our hiking programs off the beaten track and discover the magic life of Nepal while supporting local sustainability initiatives.


Find your adventure in Mongolia and experience the rich nomadic culture and stunning landscapes, in immersion with local communities.


Discover in a sustainable way the heart of the Indus civilizations and the Karakoram mountains, in total immersion with local traditions and cultures.


Explore safely the rich culture and stunning landscapes of Afghanistan, like never before with local communities and preserving incredible nature.


Places to visit


Culture in China China

This chapter is devoted to the cultures of Xinjiang where the current dominant people are represented by the Uyghurs. The name Xinjiang means "new frontiers" and was adopted by Qing Manchuria. But history has made this region a mixture of peoples and cultures. During prehistoric times, cultural influence came from the northwest and moved east until the 3rd century AD when Buddhism appeared in the region. The Scythian empire gives way to the Kouchan empire which left many pictorial traces especially in the caves of Kizil and marks the beginning of the Silk Roads. Then in the 7th century, it is the Tang culture which dominates the region but for a short time, because in the 8th century the Tibetan Empire controls the region before the Tang with the help of the Uyghurs regain control. From 840, the Uyghurs were pushed back to the south by the Kyrgyz, they will remain there to this day.
The Uyghur people are therefore an ancient Turkish people who greatly influenced Asian civilizations. The Uyghurs were the first sedentary among the Turkic peoples. Influenced by Manichaeism and then by Buddhism, whose heyday extends from the 9th to the 10th centuries, and was a highlight in the history of the region in artistic and literary terms. Subsequently, the Uyghur Islamic era gave birth to famous works of the 11th century such as the "Compendium of Turkish languages" by the philosopher and lexicographer Mahmoud Al-Kachgari and "The Science which brings happiness" by the philosopher Yusuf Balasagun, prides literary works from all over the Turkish world. The place of Uyghur civilization is as important there as the Greco-Roman civilization for the Western world.


"The Valley of Balls" - the unsolved mystery of Mangistau

"The Valley of Spheres" in Mangistau, Kazakhstan, remains one of the most mysterious and little-studied archaeological finds in the world. Many questions surround these strange stone spheres, and researchers continue to try to unravel their mystery.

One of the interesting features of the Mangistau spheres is their perfectly round shape. They have striking smoothness and symmetry, indicating the possible presence of high-tech methods of creation. Some orbs have precise geometric patterns, while others contain internal cavities and channels. These artifacts demonstrate a high degree of craftsmanship and technical knowledge, which raises questions about the possible ancient civilization that may have created them.

There are several hypotheses regarding the possible origin of the Mangistau orbs. One hypothesis is that they may be a natural formation resulting from natural processes of erosion and abrasion. However, there are doubts about the extent to which natural forces could have created such perfectly rounded shapes.

Another hypothesis suggests that the orbs were created by an ancient civilization or highly developed people who possessed unique technical skills. Arguments supporting this hypothesis include not only the perfect shape of the orbs, but also their unique location and location in the valley. Some believe that the orbs had religious or cultic significance and were used for rituals or ceremonies.

However, no direct evidence has yet been found to support any of these hypotheses. Research in the "Valley of the Orbs" has been limited and many questions remain unanswered. The lack of physical evidence and limited access to the site make it difficult to research and the ability to fully understand the Valley of the Balls.

In spite of this, the Valley of the Balls is attracting more and more attention from researchers, archaeologists and scientists. Numerous expeditions have been conducted to study these mysterious artifacts and try to unravel their origins. Methods of geological analysis, radiocarbon dating and comparative studies with other archaeological finds have been used.

One of the difficulties in exploring the Valley of Spheres is its remote location in the desert regions of Mangistau and difficult climatic conditions. There are also restrictions on access to the area, which makes it difficult to conduct meaningful research and archaeological excavations.

Despite all the difficulties, some research results have already been obtained. Certain stone samples have been analyzed and some are composed of granite, basalt or sandstone. This gives us an idea of the nature of the materials used to create the orbs.

Most questions remain unanswered, however, and the "Valley of the Balls" remains a mysterious place. Further research and analysis is needed to fully understand these archaeological findings. Scientists continue to work on this mystery, hoping to find new evidence and indicators that will help solve the mystery of the "Valley of the Balls" and shed light on the ancient history of this amazing area in Mangistau.



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